Author: mishrakanu96

Introduction: Farmers plays a vital role in our country. They are the backbone of our society.Population of our country mostly depends in agriculture. About 85% of the population of our country earn their livelihood from agriculture.Since every person needs food to eat for their living, so they are the important for our society.

Indian farmer holding crop plant in his Wheat field

 “A Farmer manages

Its farm and cultivate

Its field, ranches,

Nurseries etc.”   

Agriculture in India

Agriculture in India is the main occupation of people. India’s agriculture is composed of many crops.They grow pulses, potatoes, wheat, rice, sugarcane and also non-eatable items such as cotton, jute rubber etc.

India is the world’s largest producer of milk,pulses and jute and holds the rank of second largest producers of rice, wheat, sugarcane ,groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton.West Bengal is the largest food grain producing state in India.

Types of Farming:

  1. Subsistence farming
  2. Shifting agriculture
  3. Plantation agriculture
  4. Intensive farming
  5. Dry agriculture
  6. Mixed agriculture
  7. Terrace agriculture
  8. Crop rotation

Problems faced by farmers:

Farmers of India face many problems related to agriculture.Even government do not help them in their cases.Agriculture is a seasonal occupation. Nature call also damage their occupation. Some of the biggest problems faced by them are as follows:

* low variety seeds

* Soil erosion

* Small and fragmented land

* Marketing of agricultural products

* shortage of capital

* Irrigation

* Water supply

* Electricity problem

* Uneducated labour force

* Unskilled entrepreneur

* Lack of modern technology

 From all these problems how a farmer can live a better life. Due to these problems they Farmers of India face many problems related to agriculture.Even government do not help them in their cases.Agriculture is a seasonal occupation.

The state of a Indian farmer is very critical in India. They do get what they deserve.

Nowadays, we can see in Punjab how farmers are protesting.

Why are the farmers protesting in Punjab?

The farmers of Punjab are protesting against the new farm laws in Delhi. They are suffering from deep economic stress. They are afraid of losing their income if Minimum Support Price(MSP)will withdrawn.The government has passed new bill for the farmers.The Essential Goods(Amendment)Bill,2020 seeks to remove the goods like pulses ,Oilseeds, onions and potatoes which are included in the list of essential commodities.

 They are protesting against three bills that the Rajya Sabha recently passed.These bills frame that the farmer will sell producing items directly to corporates, argue the Center.

They have a fear that this may be reduce their income.

Indian Farmer Laws 2020

On September 2020,our President Ram Nath Kovind gave his agreement to the three “Farming bills” that were earlier passed by Indian Parliament. Which were as follows:

1: Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce(promotion and Facilitation) Act,2020

This Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 14 September 2020.This Act also provide a facility of buying and selling the agricultural product via internet.Act allows trade of Farmer produced in outside trade area such as farm gates, factory premises etc.It can be only done in APMC or Mandis.

2:Farmer Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020

3:Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act,2020

In this Act government can also fixes the MRP of any packaged product.

Delhi Chalo March:

 Thousands of Farmers reached the national capital on their tractor-trolleys responding to “Delhi Chalo”. Against the three laws that were passed on 27 September 2020.

Protesters gathered at Delhi’s border at Tigri and Singhu. Police used water cannons and tear gas to stop them through barricades.

There demands were to removal of the three laws which reduce the sale of their crops.Many protesters are from Punjab and Haryana as well. They are also getting support from U.P, Rajasthan, M.P.

What the centre says: The Narendra Modi government says that the new laws will give more options to the farmers to sell their crops.

 Sharad Pawar to meet President kovind over farmer’s protests.

* National Congress Party(NCP) chief Sharad Pawar will meet Ram Nath Kovind on December 9.He stated that if the problem will not resolved soon then we will see farmers from across the country joining them.

Some auto, taxi unions in Delhi to join “Bharat Bandh”on Dec 8.

Karnataka farmers will also join the protest of farmers on Dec 8.

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kavita & tania

The ‘DIGITAL INDIA’ initiative was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 1 july 2015, with an objective of connecting rural areas with high speed.

What is the aim of Digital India?

The Digital India programme aims to provide broadband highways, universal access programme, e-mail governance: Reforming government through technology, eKranti – Electronic delivery of services, Information for all, Electronics manufacturing: Target net zero imports,IT for jobs and early harvest programmes.

Digital India Schemes

1.Digi Locker

3.eSign Framework

4.Swachh Bharat Mission Mobile App

5.National scholarship portal


7.Digital India Platform

8.Wi-Fi Hotspots

9.Next Generation Network

10.Electronics Development Fund

11.Centre of Excellence on Internet of Things(loT)

Digi Locker

 The service was launched as an important facility to store crucial document like Voter ID Card, Pan Card, BPL Card, Driving License,education certificates, etc. In the cloud.

MyGov is an innovative platform to build a partnership between Citizens and Government with the help of technology.

eSign Framework

 eSign is an electronic signature service which can be integrated with service delivery applications via an open API to facilitate an Aadhar holder to digitally sign a document.

Swacch Bharat Mission Mobile App

 Mobile is used for tracking real time sanitation coverage in percentage,number of open defecation free villages,and list of beneficiaries in each village.  

National scholarship portal

National Scholarship Portal. Ministry Of Electronics & Information Technology,Government of India.


eHospital is an open source health information management system which is configurable and easily customizable with multi-tenancy support.

Digital India Platform

DIP is an initiative of the Government of India under the Digital India programme to provide digitization services for scanned document images or physical document for any organization.

Wi-Fi Hotspots

A hotspot is a physical location where people can access the internet, typically using wi-Fi, via a wireless local area network with a router connected to an internet service provider.

Next Generation network

 launched by BSNL, this service will replace 30-year old telephone exchange to manage all types of services like voice,data,multimedia and other types of communication services.

Electronics Development Fund

Electronic Development Fund (EDF) is a “Fund of Funds” investing in “Daughter Funds” that invest in the equity of companies developing new technologies in the area of electronics, nano-electronics and Information Technology (IT).

Centre of Excellence on Internet of Things(loT)

India’s first Centre of Excellence on Internet of Things (CoE– IoT) has been launched in Bengaluru, Karnataka. IOT provide an ecosystem for innovation to thrive and embrace entrepreneurship.

Advantage And Disadvantage of Digital India :


. Creation of Digital Infrastructure and Electronic Manufacturing in Native India.

. A Mobile for worldwide access to all services.

. Improved productivity.


. Digital Media Manipulation.

. Internet side effects in children.

.Spreading fast without checking true or false news.

.Relying more on electronic machine.

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