Introduction: Farmers plays a vital role in our country. They are the backbone of our society.Population of our country mostly depends in agriculture. About 85% of the population of our country earn their livelihood from agriculture.Since every person needs food to eat for their living, so they are the important for our society.
“A Farmer manages
Its farm and cultivate
Its field, ranches,
Agriculture in India
Agriculture in India is the main occupation of people. India’s agriculture is composed of many crops.They grow pulses, potatoes, wheat, rice, sugarcane and also non-eatable items such as cotton, jute rubber etc.
India is the world’s largest producer of milk,pulses and jute and holds the rank of second largest producers of rice, wheat, sugarcane ,groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton.West Bengal is the largest food grain producing state in India.
Types of Farming:
- Subsistence farming
- Shifting agriculture
- Plantation agriculture
- Intensive farming
- Dry agriculture
- Mixed agriculture
- Terrace agriculture
- Crop rotation
Problems faced by farmers:
Farmers of India face many problems related to agriculture.Even government do not help them in their cases.Agriculture is a seasonal occupation. Nature call also damage their occupation. Some of the biggest problems faced by them are as follows:
* low variety seeds
* Soil erosion
* Small and fragmented land
* Marketing of agricultural products
* shortage of capital
* Water supply
* Electricity problem
* Uneducated labour force
* Unskilled entrepreneur
* Lack of modern technology
From all these problems how a farmer can live a better life. Due to these problems they Farmers of India face many problems related to agriculture.Even government do not help them in their cases.Agriculture is a seasonal occupation.
The state of a Indian farmer is very critical in India. They do get what they deserve.
Nowadays, we can see in Punjab how farmers are protesting.
Why are the farmers protesting in Punjab?
The farmers of Punjab are protesting against the new farm laws in Delhi. They are suffering from deep economic stress. They are afraid of losing their income if Minimum Support Price(MSP)will withdrawn.The government has passed new bill for the farmers.The Essential Goods(Amendment)Bill,2020 seeks to remove the goods like pulses ,Oilseeds, onions and potatoes which are included in the list of essential commodities.
They are protesting against three bills that the Rajya Sabha recently passed.These bills frame that the farmer will sell producing items directly to corporates, argue the Center.
They have a fear that this may be reduce their income.
Indian Farmer Laws 2020
On September 2020,our President Ram Nath Kovind gave his agreement to the three “Farming bills” that were earlier passed by Indian Parliament. Which were as follows:
1: Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce(promotion and Facilitation) Act,2020
This Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 14 September 2020.This Act also provide a facility of buying and selling the agricultural product via internet.Act allows trade of Farmer produced in outside trade area such as farm gates, factory premises etc.It can be only done in APMC or Mandis.
2:Farmer Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020
3:Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act,2020
In this Act government can also fixes the MRP of any packaged product.
Delhi Chalo March:
Thousands of Farmers reached the national capital on their tractor-trolleys responding to “Delhi Chalo”. Against the three laws that were passed on 27 September 2020.
Protesters gathered at Delhi’s border at Tigri and Singhu. Police used water cannons and tear gas to stop them through barricades.
There demands were to removal of the three laws which reduce the sale of their crops.Many protesters are from Punjab and Haryana as well. They are also getting support from U.P, Rajasthan, M.P.
What the centre says: The Narendra Modi government says that the new laws will give more options to the farmers to sell their crops.
Sharad Pawar to meet President kovind over farmer’s protests.
* National Congress Party(NCP) chief Sharad Pawar will meet Ram Nath Kovind on December 9.He stated that if the problem will not resolved soon then we will see farmers from across the country joining them.
Some auto, taxi unions in Delhi to join “Bharat Bandh”on Dec 8.
Karnataka farmers will also join the protest of farmers on Dec 8.
kavita & tania